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List of Abbreviations

Belle

experiment at KEK

AdS

Anti-de Sitter geometries

AERA

Auger Engineering Radio Array

AGN

Active galactic nucleus

ALADIN

A large dipole magnet

ALICE

A Large Ion Collider Experiment, experiment at the LHC

ALPS

Axion-Like Particle Search, experiment at DESY

AMS-02

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, experiment at the International Space Station

ANITA

Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna experiment

ANKE

Apparatus for Studies of Nucleon and Kaon Ejectiles

ATLAS

A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS, experiment at the LHC

BaBar

Experiment at SLAC

BBC

Berlin-Brandenburg Cluster; a collaboration between DESY (Zeuthen), HU Berlin and Uni Potsdam

BeamCAL

Forward beam calorimeter at the ILC

BMBF

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

BMT

Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi

BMWi

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie

BNL

Brookhaven National Laboratory

BSM

Beyond the Standard Model

CALICE

Detector R&D collaboration for the ILC

CANU

COSY Association of Networking Universities

CDM

Cold Dark Matter

CDR

Conceptual Design Report

CEBAF

Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility

CERN

European Centre for particle physics in Geneva

CLIC

Compact Linear Collider

CMS

Compact Muon Spectrometer, experiment at the LHC

cMSSM

Constrained Minimal SuperSymmetric Model

CORSIKA

Code package for the simulation of extensive air showers

COSY

COoler SYnchrotron

CRC

Collaborative Research Center, same as SFB, group application of DFG

CROME

Cosmic Ray Observation by Microwave Emission, experiment at KIT

CTA

Cherenkov Telescope Array; the next-generation gamma-ray observatory with largely improved performance

DAQ

Data acquisition

dCache

Grid-enabled storage system

DEPFET

Depleted p-channel _eld-e_ect transistor { a Si-detector technology

DESY

"Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron", the research centre, but also one of the accelerators operated there

DFG

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, German Research Foundation

DM

Dark Matter

DORIS

Synchrotron light source at DESY in Hamburg

DQM

Data quality monitoring

ECFA

European Committee for Future Accelerators

EDELWEISS

"Expérience pour DÉtecter les Wimps En SI Souterrain", direct Dark Matter search experiment in the LSM underground lab

EDM

Electric Dipole Moment

EGEE

EU-supported Grid project

EMMI

Extreme Matter Institute

EMMI

Helmholtz Alliance for Cosmic Matter in the Laboratory

ENC

Electron Nucleon Collider at FAIR

ENNA

Exotic nuclei and nuclear astrophysics

ERC

European Research Council

ESFRI

European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures

ESR

Experimental storage ring

EU

European Union

EURECA

European Underground Rare Event Calorimeter Array, direct Dark Matter search

FAIR

Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research at GSI

FCAL

Collaboration on ILC forward calorimeters

Fermi-LAT

Large Area Telescope of the Fermi satellite

FLASH

VUV Free Electron laser at DESY in Hamburg

FMD

Fermionic molecular dynamics

FNAL

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory near Chicago, USA

FRS

Fragment separator

FTE

Full-time equivalent

FZJ

Forschungszentrum Jülich

FZK

Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, since 2009 merged into KIT

GEM

Gas electron multiplier

GRB

Gamma-ray burst

GridKa

Tier-1 Grid Computing Centre Karlsruhe at KIT

GSI

Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt

GZK

Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin

H.E.S.S.

High-Energy Stereoscopic System; a system of four 12-m telescopes in Namibia

H.E.S.S. II

High-Energy Stereoscopic System, Phase II; upgrade with a fifth telescope of 28-m telescopes, operational since 2013

H1

experiment at HERA

HADES

High Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer at GSI

HAP

Helmholtz Alliance for Astroparticle Physics

HDM

Hot Dark Matter

HERA

ep collider at DESY in Hamburg, de-commissioned in 2007

HERMES

Experiment at HERA

HGS

Helmholtz Graduate School

HGS HIRe

Helmholtz Graduate School for Hadron and Ion Research

HIM

Helmholtz Institute Mainz

HISPEC/DESPEC

High-resolution gamma and decay spectroscopy

HLL

Semi-conductor laboratory in Munich

HLT

High-level trigger

IAS

Institute for Advanced Simulation

IceCube

South pole neutrino observatory

IceCube ++

A working name for a potential extension of IceCube to 10 km 3

ICFA

International Committee for Future Accelerators

IKP

Institut für Kernphysik

ILC

International Linear Collider

ILD

Detector concept for the ILC

ILIMA

Isomers, lifetimes, masses

ISS

International Space Station

ITER

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

JARA

Jülich Aachen Research Alliance

JEDI

Jülich Electric Dipole moment Investigations

JEM-EUSO

Extreme Universe Space Observatory on board of the Japanese Experiment Module

JGU

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

JINR

Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia

JLab

Thomas Jefferson Laboratory, Newport News, USA

JSC

Jülich Supercomputing Centre

KASCADE

KArlsruhe Shower Core and Array DEtector

KASCADE-Grande

KASCADE extension to higher energies

KAT

German Committee for Astroparticle Physics

KATRIN

Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino experiment

KCDC

KASCADE Cosmic ray Data Center

KEK

High Energy Accelerator Research Organisation, Tsukuba, Japan

KEKB

e+e--collider at KEK

KET

German Committee for Elementary Particle Physics

KHuK

German Committee for Nuclear Physics, Komitee fur Hadronen- und Kernphysik

KIT

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

LAND

Large-area neutron detector

LaSPEC

Laser spectroscopy of radioactive isotopes and isomers

LC-TPC

Detector R&D collaboration for the ILC

LCC

Linear Collider Collaboration

LHC

Large Hadron Collider at CERN

LHCb

Experiment at the LHC

LHCone

High-speed wide-area network for the LHC experiments

LOFAR

LOw Frequency ARray

LOPES

LOFAR PrototypE Station (air shower radio detection experiment)

LSM

Modane underground lab, situated in the French Alps

MAGIC

Major Atmospheric Gamma-Ray Imaging Cherenkov Telescopes; a system of two 17-m Telescopes on La Palma

MAPS

Monolithic Active Pixel Sensor

MATS

Precision measurements of very short-lived nuclei using an advanced trapping system

MC

Monte Carlo technique for integration of arbitrary multidimensional distributions

MDM

Magnetic Dipole Moment

NA61

Fixed-target experiment using SPS beam at CERN, North Area

NAF

National Analysis Facility at DESY

NIC

John-von-Neumann Institute for Computing

NuSTAR

Nuclear structure, astrophysics, reactions and superheavy element research

PAMELA

Experiment for Anti-matter exploration

PANDA

antiProton ANnihilation experiment at DArmstadt

PAX

Polarized Antiproton eXperiment

PDF

Parton distribution function

PETRA

Synchrotron light source at DESY

PINGU

Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade; an extension to IceCube to measure the neutrino mass hierarchy

PITZ

Photo Injector Test Facility at DESY Zeuthen

PLANCK

Experiment for exploration of cosmic microwave background

PMT

Photomultiplier tube

PRISMA

Cluster of Excellence Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter at JGU Mainz

QCD

Quantum ChromoDynamics, the theory of strong interactions

R3B

Reactions with relativistic radioactive beams

RAL

Rutherford Appleton Laboratory

RF

Radio Frequency (3 kHz - 300 GHz)

RWTH

Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen

SCT

Spin Coherence Time

SFB

Sonderforschungsbereich, group application of DFG

SHE

Superheavy element research

SiD

Detector concept for the ILC

SiPM

Silicon photomultiplier

SIS

"Schwerionensynchrotron", heavy ion synchrotron

SLAC

National Accelerator Laboratory in Stanford

SM

Standard Model of particle physics

SNR

Supernova remnant

srEDM

Storage ring EDM

SRF or SCRF

Superconducting radio-frequency technology

Super-FRS

Superconducting fragment separator

SuperKEKB

Upgrade of the KEKb collider at KEK

SUSY

Supersymmetry

TDR

Technical Design Report

TESLA

Collaboration to advance superconducting technology for applications in linear accelerators

Tevatron

Proton-antiproton Collider at FNAL

Tier-1,2,3

Computing and data centres at various sizes and optimized for di_erent tasks

TPC

Time projection chamber

UNILAC

Universal linear accelerator

VERITAS

Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System; a system of four 12-m telescopes in Arizona

WASA

Wide Angle Shower Array

WIMP

Weakly Interacting Massive Particle

XFEL

European X-ray Free Electron Laser at DESY in Hamburg

YIG

Young investigator group

ZEUS

Experiment at HERA